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Thursday 31st May 2018
OBJ & Essay – Government – 2:00pm – 4:40pm


(i)It is written down in a single document and usually signed by those who oversaw the document being drafted and undertake to follow same.
(ii) Sections and chapters with clearly stated of Fundamental right of the citizens and its exceptions. 
(iii) Minimum expectations from leaders as well as people are listed so that they may, with passing time, be updated.
(iv) System of the political structure of the government and a strict adherence to its provisions.
(v) Certain areas maintaining status quo are marked out so that like above mentioned promises, they may be worked upon.
(vi)Method of determining issues related to nationality, socio economic equity and welfare are set out. These are inflexible, usually.


(i) The Role of Equity Legislation: Sometimes, the law do seems to be inconsistent with some of the laws. In other words, laws could be ambitious, that is to say that the laws are silent, and in such cases, it is incumbent on the Judge to bring in his wisdom.

(ii) Judiciary Protects People’s Rights: The judiciary is vested with the power of safeguarding the rights of the Nigerian citizenry. That is its supreme responsibility as the third organ of government. In the case, where the citizen’s rights is threatened, or maybe, violated by whoever, the individual has the constitution right as a Nigerian citizen to seek his protection from the Nigerian judiciary, because one major function of the judiciary is the protection of the rights of the Nigerian citizens, even foreigners, since it has to do with human rights.

(iii) Juduciary Conducts Judicial Inquiries:More often, issues of state important do come up that normally begs for inquiries. In such a situation, court Judges are normally called upon to serve such purposes. Once Enquiry Commissions are constituted, Judges are always the people to head such commissions.

(iv) Judiciary Special Role in a Federation: The judiciary has more vital role to play, where a federal system of government is practice, such as the Nigerian situation. This role include, guarding the constitution and as well as arbitering disputes involving say, the federal and the state governments.

(v) Judiciary Interprets and Applies Laws: Another functions of the judiciary is the interpretation and the application of laws to all cases. We are in the know that, judiciary disputes and as well, decides on cases brought before it.


(i)The independence constitution provided for a democratic parliamentary system of government whereby the office of the head of State is different from the office of the head of government.
(ii) A federal system of government was retained.
(iii) Queen Elizabeth was still the Head of state, Nnamdi Azikwe, the Governor – General, was a ceremonial Head of State representing the Queen until October 1st1963 when Nigeria became a republican State.
(iv) The prime minister was the Head of government and administration {Tafawa Balewa}.
(v) The constitution provided for a bi-cameral legislature at the center, the Senate (upper house) and House of Representatives ( lower house).
(vi) The constitution provided a premier as the Head of the executive of each region.


(i) Colonialism:
Colonialism is the policy of a polity seeking to extend or retain its authority over other people or territories, generally with the aim of developing or exploiting them, creation of new markets for the colonizing nation; and the geographical expansion of the colonizing nation's ideas, language, and way of life. to the benefit of the colonizing.

(ii) Imperialism:
It is the policy that involves a nation extending its power by acquisition of land by purchase diploma or military force. This means an advocacy of extending power and especially dominion over especially by direct territory acquisition or by gaining political and economic control of other areas.

(iii) Warranty chief:
They are some local chiefs used by intermediate between the British and the colonised nation. They were given some powers to peform some minor duties like collection of tax, settlement of disputes, interpreters, etc.The British appointed willing participants or collaborators and gave them "warrants" to act as local representatives of the British administration among their people.

(iv) Nationalism:
Nationalism is a political, social, and economic system characterized by the promotion of the interests of a particular nation, especially with the aim of gaining and maintaining sovereignty over the homeland.


(i) Appointment of the Executive Secretary: It is the body that appoints the Executive Secretary for the organisation.
(ii) Decision-Making: It is the highest decision making body.
(iii) Regional economy: It discusses issues pertaining to the economy of the sub-region.
(iv) Recommendations: It approves the recommendations of the council of ministers
(v) Treaties and agreements: It approves all agreements and treaties entered into by the community.
(vi) Amendment of the charter: It approves prosposals initiated for the amendment of the charter establishing the community.


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