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WAEC GCE 2018 1ST SERIES - GEOGRAPHY ANSWER

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WAEC GCE 2018 1ST SERIES - GEOGRAPHY

Friday 2nd February, 2018
Geography 2 [Essay] 9:30am – 11:30am
Geography 1 [Objectives] 11:30am – 12:30pm
Biology 3 [Alternative to Practical Work] 2:00pm – 4:00pm
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(1ai)
Domestic trade:
(i) Domestic trade is carried on within the
boundaries of one country .
(ii) In Domestic trade goods are carried on from one place to another place through railways and roadways .
(iii) In Domestic trade payment is made or
received in local currency .
(iv) In Domestic trade wide choice of goods are available .

(1aii)
International Trade:
(i) Separation of Buyers and Producers
(ii) Foreign trade involves payments in foreign currency .
(iii ) Restrictions: Imports and exports involve a number of restrictions but by different countries .
(iv ) there is Need for Middlemen:

(1b)
(i) By use of improved means of transportation and communication links
(ii) By the use of fixed currencies
(iii) Improvement in the level of technology

(1c)
(i) Exports create jobs and boost economic growth
(ii) International trade give domestic companies in Tropical Africa more experience in producing for foreign markets. Over time, companies gain a competitive advantage in global trade. 
(iii) Imports allow foreign competition to reduce prices for consumers which help boost economy in Tropical Africa

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(2a)
(i) France
(ii) Egypt
(iii) Spain
(iv) China

(2b)
(i) Climate: Areas with favourable climate like Europe, china, USA etc attract populaion
(ii) Availability of water: Areas wherewater is available for both human and agricultural purposes like USA, India ect attract population.
(iii) Relief: Lowlands and river valleys like Nile, delta, low plateaux ttract population
(iv) Agriculture: Areas where agriculture is widely practiced like India, China, etc attracts population

(2c)
(i) Natural resources like fertile farmlands, become over exploited where there is high population growth
(ii) Areas of high population densities are usually associated with high crime rate like armed robbery, car snatcher, hired assassin etc. These may be due to lack of jobs; hence people resort in crimes
(iii) Areas of high population densities usually do not have enough jobs for the ever increasing influx of people. This leads to unemployment and underemployment
(iv) High population concentration leads to scarce or poor accommodation as the house available may not be enough for the high population

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(4a)
(i) Availability of Minerals such as kaolin , gypsum , limestone, laterite, red
mills, phosphate both yellow and green, shade clay, sand allow for situation of cement industry in the area .
(ii) The absence of the tse-tse fly on the open grassland allows for rearing of animals
(iii ) Large scale farming can also be practiced in the state using irrigation water from dams .
(iv) Farming activities due to availability of fertile land 

(4b)
(i) Inadequate rainfall 
(ii) High temperature
(iii) Desert encroachment due to nearness to sahara desert
(iv) Lack of Education

(4c) 
(i) Inadequate rainfall: Use of irrigation water from dams 
(ii) Lack of Education: Government should provide basic amenities like schools to the communities not minding their natural challenges

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(5a)
DRAW A SKETCH MAP OF NIGERIA AND LOCATE THE REQUIRED PLACES

(5b)
(i) Poor transportation and communication links
(ii) Taste for foreign goods
(iii) Bad Government policies
(iv) low level of technology
(v) Inadequate capital

(5c)
(i) Poor transportation and communication links: Nigeria government should build more roads and repaired the damaged roads for easy transportation of industrial goods and services.
(ii) Taste for foreign goods: Government should ban importation of certain goods. It will help in industrial growth.
(iii) Bad Government policies: Changing Government policies that are not friendly to industrial development.













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