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Exam Time: Thursday 29th June 2017
OBJ & Essay – Government – 10am – 12:40pm



A political party is a group of people who come together to contest elections and hold power in the government

To contest elections:In most democracies, elections are fought mainly among the candidates put up by political parties. Parties select their candidates in different ways

Forming policies and programmes: Parties put forward different policies and programmes and the voters choose from them. Each of us may have different opinions and views on what policies are suitable for the society

Making laws:When parties come to power, they make laws for the country. Formally, laws are debated and passed in the legislature. Members of the ruling party follow the directions of party leaders, irrespective of their personal opinions

Parties form and run governments:Parties recruit leaders, train them and then make them ministers to run the government in the way they want

Role of opposition:Parties that lose in elections, play the role of opposition to the parties in power by criticising the government for its failures or wrong policies


A bicameral legislature is one in which the legislators are divided into two separate assemblies, chambers or houses

-One chamber or house changing and implementing the law is called unicameral legislature. There are two chambers or houses are present to amend and implement the law
-In the unicameral system, quick decisions and more accountability is possible whereas the accountability and the decision making processes are difficult and time consuming
-The number of members in the unicameral is usually less than the members of the bicameral system resulting in less expense in the unicameral
-The powers of the unicameral members are enough for making rude decisions and passing the law which is not feasible for the general public. The powers of the upper hand are controlled by the other hand and thus, the chances of bad decision making are less in the bicameral system.


The most potent weapon against military intervention in politics is good governance.All officials in whatever capacity should provide good leadership

It can also be prevented through efficiency and probity,honesty and transparency in the conduct of administration

Necessary atmosphere should be created for conduct of free and fair elections

It could be prevented with the elimination or reduction in the level of curroption .Curroption is injustice and it eventually result in social upheavals which had often attracted the millitary into government

Military intervention should be outlawed by the constitution

The people should always resist military intervention through the organisation of peaceful mass disobidience

The military should be completely depoliticised.They should imbibe the culture of keeping strictly to military function of defending the territorial integrity of the state


Consider and make recommendations on the general principles of cooperation for maintaining international peace and security, including disarmament

Discuss any question relating to international peace and security and, except where a dispute or situation is currently being discussed by the Security Council, make recommendations on it

Discuss, with the same exception, and make recommendations on any questions within the scope of the Charter or affecting the powers and functions of any organ of the United Nations

Initiate studies and make recommendations to promote international political cooperation, the development and codification of international law, the realization of human rights and fundamental freedoms, and international collaboration in the economic, social, humanitarian, cultural, educational and health fields

Make recommendations for the peaceful settlement of any situation that might impair friendly relations among nations

Receive and consider reports from the Security Council and other United Nations organs

Consider and approve the United Nations budget and establish the financial assessments of Member States

Elect the non-permanent members of the Security Council and the members of other United Nations councils and organs and, on the recommendation of the Security Council, appoint the Secretary-General


-The Preamble 
-The Government 
-The Territory 
-Separation of Powers

The Preamble:This part of the constitution gives guidance to the constitution. Here we are given the chapter, sections and subsections of the constitution and pages where they can be found. The preamble is meant to direct or serve as a content page of the Nigerian constitution. The preamble could also be found on the 3rd to the with page of the Nigerian constitution of 1999

Government: there must be a government whether elective or not run the affairs of the state. The type of government does not matter. It may be a military regime coo loan administration, Oligarchy, Diarchy, Monarchy, all of which are discussed below, what is infect important for this aspect of our study is that there must be a government to be in-charge of the affairs of the states

The territory: A state, legally is a defined boundary, although, such boundary is suppose to be permanent, if it change at all, such changes must not be at random.It is the territorial entities

Separation of Powers: Separation of powers can be found in section 4, 5 and 6 of this sections delegate certain powers to be armor organs of Government in Nigeria.The Section 4 of the 1999 constitution talks about legislative arm of Government, Section 5 talk of the Executive and section 6 talks about solitary

Sovereignty: Sovereignty could be defined as the ability for a nation to be total control without external interference. Nigeria according to 1999 constitution is a sovereign state and it can be found in section 2 of the Nigeria constitution

Federalism: Federalism has to do with the division of Government, state and local government,And a federal system of government is attached by a ceremonial head known as the president it can be found in chapter part of the 1999 constitution of the federal republic of Nigeria.


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